It is fascinating to consider the brain as a tree.
Let’s say that you’re watching a TV show, and at a certain time, you struggle to understand what an actor says.
What does your brain do?
It takes all the sounds you’ve heard, and make a decision based on all the words you know, and more specifically, the sounds you know.
If you hear the sounds “aw” and “ta”, for instance. You brain will try to narrow down a list of sounds that match these. And that’s how you end with “outer”.
This tree-thinking approach is powerful and flexible enough to be used in any field or scenario.